Long-Term Supported Versions

    Installation Guide

    This chapter describes how to install virtualization components in openEuler.

    Minimum Hardware Requirements

    The minimum hardware requirements for installing virtualization components on openEuler are as follows:

    • AArch64 processor architecture: ARMv8 or later, supporting virtualization expansion
    • x86_64 processor architecture, supporting VT-x
    • 2-core CPU
    • 4 GB memory
    • 16 GB available disk space

    Installing Core Virtualization Components

    Installation Methods


    • The yum source has been configured. For details, see the openEuler 21.03 Administrator Guide.
    • Only the administrator has permission to perform the installation.


    1. Install the QEMU component.

      # yum install -y qemu
    2. Install the libvirt component.

      # yum install -y libvirt
    3. Start the libvirtd service.

      # systemctl start libvirtd

    The KVM module is integrated in the openEuler kernel and does not need to be installed separately.

    Verifying the Installation

    1. Check whether the kernel supports KVM virtualization, that is, check whether the /dev/kvm and /sys/module/kvm files exist. The command and output are as follows:

      # ls /dev/kvm
      # ls /sys/module/kvm
      parameters  uevent

      If the preceding files exist, the kernel supports KVM virtualization. If the preceding files do not exist, KVM virtualization is not enabled during kernel compilation. In this case, you need to use the Linux kernel that supports KVM virtualization.

    2. Check whether QEMU is successfully installed. If the installation is successful, the QEMU software package information is displayed. The command and output are as follows:

      # rpm -qi qemu
      Name        : qemu
      Epoch       : 2
      Version     : 4.0.1
      Release     : 10
      Architecture: aarch64
      Install Date: Wed 24 Jul 2019 04:04:47 PM CST
      Group       : Unspecified
      Size        : 16869484
      License     : GPLv2 and BSD and MIT and CC-BY
      Signature   : (none)
      Source RPM  : qemu-4.0.0-1.src.rpm
      Build Date  : Wed 24 Jul 2019 04:03:52 PM CST
      Build Host  : localhost
      Relocations : (not relocatable)
      URL         : http://www.qemu.org
      Summary     : QEMU is a generic and open source machine emulator and virtualizer
      Description :
      QEMU is a generic and open source processor emulator which achieves a good
      emulation speed by using dynamic translation. QEMU has two operating modes:
       * Full system emulation. In this mode, QEMU emulates a full system (for
         example a PC), including a processor and various peripherials. It can be
         used to launch different Operating Systems without rebooting the PC or
         to debug system code.
       * User mode emulation. In this mode, QEMU can launch Linux processes compiled
         for one CPU on another CPU.
      As QEMU requires no host kernel patches to run, it is safe and easy to use.
    3. Check whether libvirt is successfully installed. If the installation is successful, the libvirt software package information is displayed. The command and output are as follows:

      # rpm -qi libvirt
      Name        : libvirt
      Version     : 5.5.0
      Release     : 1
      Architecture: aarch64
      Install Date: Tue 30 Jul 2019 04:56:21 PM CST
      Group       : Unspecified
      Size        : 0
      License     : LGPLv2+
      Signature   : (none)
      Source RPM  : libvirt-5.5.0-1.src.rpm
      Build Date  : Mon 29 Jul 2019 08:14:57 PM CST
      Build Host  : 71e8c1ce149f
      Relocations : (not relocatable)
      URL         : https://libvirt.org/
      Summary     : Library providing a simple virtualization API
      Description :
      Libvirt is a C toolkit to interact with the virtualization capabilities
      of recent versions of Linux (and other OSes). The main package includes
      the libvirtd server exporting the virtualization support.
    4. Check whether the libvirt service is started successfully. If the service is in the Active state, the service is started successfully. You can use the virsh command line tool provided by the libvirt. The command and output are as follows:

      # systemctl status libvirtd
      ● libvirtd.service - Virtualization daemon
         Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/libvirtd.service; enabled; vendor preset: enabled)
         Active: active (running) since Tue 2019-08-06 09:36:01 CST; 5h 12min ago
           Docs: man:libvirtd(8)
       Main PID: 40754 (libvirtd)
          Tasks: 20 (limit: 32768)
         Memory: 198.6M
         CGroup: /system.slice/libvirtd.service
                 ─40754 /usr/sbin/libvirtd

    Bug Catching

    Buggy Content

    Bug Description

    Submit As Issue

    It's a little complicated....

    I'd like to ask someone.


    Just a small problem.

    I can fix it online!

    Bug Type
    Specifications and Common Mistakes

    ● Misspellings or punctuation mistakes;

    ● Incorrect links, empty cells, or wrong formats;

    ● Chinese characters in English context;

    ● Minor inconsistencies between the UI and descriptions;

    ● Low writing fluency that does not affect understanding;

    ● Incorrect version numbers, including software package names and version numbers on the UI.


    ● Incorrect or missing key steps;

    ● Missing prerequisites or precautions;

    ● Ambiguous figures, tables, or texts;

    ● Unclear logic, such as missing classifications, items, and steps.


    ● Technical principles, function descriptions, or specifications inconsistent with those of the software;

    ● Incorrect schematic or architecture diagrams;

    ● Incorrect commands or command parameters;

    ● Incorrect code;

    ● Commands inconsistent with the functions;

    ● Wrong screenshots.

    Risk Warnings

    ● Lack of risk warnings for operations that may damage the system or important data.

    Content Compliance

    ● Contents that may violate applicable laws and regulations or geo-cultural context-sensitive words and expressions;

    ● Copyright infringement.

    How satisfied are you with this document

    Not satisfied at all
    Very satisfied
    Click to create an issue. An issue template will be automatically generated based on your feedback.
    Bug Catching
    编组 3备份