LTS

    Innovation Version

      Configuring the Repo Server

      NOTE: openEuler provides multiple repo sources for online usage. For details about the repo sources, see Installing the OS. If you cannot obtain the openEuler repo source online, you can use the ISO release package provided by openEuler to create a local openEuler repo source. This section uses the openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso file as an example. Modify the ISO file as required.

      Overview

      Create the openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso file provided by openEuler as the repo source. The following uses Nginx as an example to describe how to deploy the repo source and provide the HTTP service.

      Creating or Updating a Local Repo Source

      Mount the openEuler ISO file openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso to create and update a repo source.

      Obtaining the ISO File

      Obtain the openEuler ISO file from the following website:

      https://repo.openeuler.org/openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2/ISO/

      Mounting an ISO File to Create a Repo Source

      Run the mount command as the root user to mount the ISO file.

      The following is an example:

      mount /home/openEuler/openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso /mnt/
      

      The mounted mnt directory is as follows:

      .
      │── boot.catalog
      │── docs
      │── EFI
      │── images
      │── Packages
      │── repodata
      │── TRANS.TBL
      └── RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler
      

      In the preceding directory, Packages indicates the directory where the RPM package is stored, repodata indicates the directory where the repo source metadata is stored, and RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler indicates the public key for signing openEuler.

      Creating a Local Repo Source

      You can copy related files in the ISO file to a local directory to create a local repo source. The following is an example:

      mount /home/openEuler/openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso /mnt/
      mkdir -p ~/srv/repo/
      cp -r /mnt/Packages ~/srv/repo/
      cp -r /mnt/repodata ~/srv/repo/
      cp -r /mnt/RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler ~/srv/repo/
      

      The local Repo directory is as follows:

      .
      │── Packages
      │── repodata
      └── RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler
      

      Packages indicates the directory where the RPM package is stored, repodata indicates the directory where the repo source metadata is stored, and RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler indicates the public key for signing openEuler.

      Updating the Repo Source

      You can update the repo source in either of the following ways:

      • Use the latest ISO file to update the existing repo source. The method is the same as that for creating a repo source. That is, mount the ISO file or copy the ISO file to the local directory.

      • Add a RPM package to the Packages directory of the repo source and run the createrepo command to update the repo source.

        createrepo --update --workers=10 ~/srv/repo
        

      In this command, --update indicates the update, and --workers indicates the number of threads, which can be customized.

      NOTE:
      If the command output contains "createrepo: command not found", run the dnf install createrepo command as the root user to install the createrepo softeware.

      Deploying the Remote Repo Source

      Install openEuler OS and deploy the repo source using Nginx on openEuler OS.

      Installing and Configuring Nginx

      1. Download the Nginx tool and install it as the root user.

      2. After Nginx is installed, configure /etc/nginx/nginx.conf as the root user.

        NOTE:
        The configuration content in this document is for reference only. You can configure the content based on the site requirements (for example, security hardening requirements).

        user  nginx;
        worker_processes auto;                             # You are advised to set this parameter to  **core-1** .
        error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log warn;            # Log storage location
        pid        /var/run/nginx.pid;
        
        events {
            worker_connections  1024;
        }
        
        http {
            include       /etc/nginx/mime.types;
            default_type  application/octet-stream;
        
            log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                              '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                              '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
        
            access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
            sendfile        on;
            keepalive_timeout  65;
        
            server {
                listen       80;
          server_name localhost;                         # Server name (URL)
                client_max_body_size 4G;
          root /usr/share/nginx/repo;                 # Default service directory
        
                location / {
           autoindex on; # Enable the access to lower-layer files in the directory.
                    autoindex_exact_size on;
                    autoindex_localtime  on; 
                }
        
            }
        
        }
        

      Starting Nginx

      1. Run the following commands to start the Nginx service as the root user using systemd.

        systemctl enable nginx
        systemctl start nginx
        
      2. You can run the following command to check whether Nginx is started successfully:

        systemctl status nginx
        
        • Figure 1 indicates that the Nginx service is started successfully.

          Figure 1 The Nginx service is successfully started.

        • If the Nginx service fails to be started, view the error information.

        systemctl status nginx.service --full
        

        Figure 2 The Nginx service startup fails

        As shown in Figure 2, the Nginx service fails to be created because the /var/spool/nginx/tmp/client_body directory fails to be created. You need to manually create the directory as the root user. Solve similar problems as follows:

        mkdir -p /var/spool/nginx/tmp/client_body
        mkdir -p /var/spool/nginx/tmp/proxy
        mkdir -p /var/spool/nginx/tmp/fastcgi
        mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/uwsgi_temp
        mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/scgi_temp
        

      Deploying the Repo Source

      1. Run the following command as the root user to create the /usr/share/nginx/repo directory specified in the Nginx configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf:

        mkdir -p /usr/share/nginx/repo
        
      2. Run the following command as the root user to modify the /usr/share/nginx/repo directory permission:

        chmod -R 755 /usr/share/nginx/repo
        
      3. Configure firewall rules as the root user to enable the port (port 80) configured for Nginx.

        firewall-cmd --add-port=80/tcp --permanent
        firewall-cmd --reload
        

        Check whether port 80 is enabled as the root user. If the output is yes, port 80 is enabled.

        firewall-cmd --query-port=80/tcp
        

        You can also enable port 80 using iptables as the root user.

        iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 80 -j ACCEPT
        
      4. After the Nginx service is configured, you can use the IP address to access the web page, as shown in Figure 3.

        Figure 3 Nginx deployment succeeded

      5. Use either of the following methods to add the repo source to the /usr/share/nginx/repo directory:

        • Copy related files in the image to the /usr/share/nginx/repo directory as the root user.

          mount /home/openEuler/openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso  /mnt/
          cp -r /mnt/Packages /usr/share/nginx/repo/
          cp -r /mnt/repodata /usr/share/nginx/repo/
          cp -r /mnt/RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler /usr/share/nginx/repo/
          chmod -R 755 /usr/share/nginx/repo
          

          The openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2-aarch64-dvd.iso file is stored in the /home/openEuler directory.

        • Create a soft link for the repo source in the /usr/share/nginx/repo directory as the root user.

          ln -s /mnt /usr/share/nginx/repo/os
          

          /mnt is the created repo source, and /usr/share/nginx/repo/os points to /mnt .

      Using the repo Source

      The repo source can be configured as a yum source, which is a shell front-end software package manager. Based on the Redhat package manager (RPM), YUM can automatically download the RPM package from the specified server, install the package, and process dependent relationship. It supports one-off installation for all dependent software packages.

      Configuring Repo as the Yum Source

      You can configure the built repo as the yum source and create the ***.repo configuration file (the extension .repo is mandatory) in the /etc/yum.repos.d/ directory as the root user. You can configure the yum source on the local host or HTTP server.

      • Configuring the local yum source.

        Create the openEuler.repo file in the /etc/yum.repos.d directory and use the local repository as the yum source. The content of the openEuler.repo file is as follows:

        [base]
        name=base
        baseurl=file:///home/openEuler/srv/repo
        enabled=1
        gpgcheck=1
        gpgkey=file:///home/openEuler/srv/repo/RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler
        

        NOTE:

        • repoid indicates the ID of the software repository. Repoids in all .repo configuration files must be unique. In the example, repoid is set to base.
        • name indicates the string that the software repository describes.
        • baseurl indicates the address of the software repository.
        • enabled indicates whether to enable the software source repository. The value can be 1 or 0. The default value is 1, indicating that the software source repository is enabled.
        • gpgcheck indicates whether to enable the GNU privacy guard (GPG) to check the validity and security of sources of RPM packages. 1 indicates GPG check is enabled. 0 indicates the GPG check is disabled.
        • gpgkey indicates the public key used to verify the signature.
      • Configuring the yum source for the HTTP server

        Create the openEuler.repo file in the /etc/yum.repos.d directory.

        • If the repo source of the HTTP server deployed by the user is used as the yum source, the content of openEuler.repo is as follows:
        [base]
        name=base
        baseurl=http://192.168.139.209/
        enabled=1
        gpgcheck=1
        gpgkey=http://192.168.139.209/RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler
        

        NOTE:
        192.168.139.209 is an example. Replace it with the actual IP address.

        • If the openEuler repo source provided by openEuler is used as the yum source, the content of openEuler.repo is as follows (the AArch64-based OS repo source is used as an example):
        [base]
        name=base
        baseurl=http://repo.openeuler.org/openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2/OS/aarch64/
        enabled=1
        gpgcheck=1
        gpgkey=http://repo.openeuler.org/openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2/OS/aarch64/RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler
        

      repo Priority

      If there are multiple repo sources, you can set the repo priority in the .repo file. If the priority is not set, the default priority is 99 . If the same RPM package exists in the sources with the same priority, the latest version is installed. 1 indicates the highest priority and 99 indicates the lowest priority. The following shows how to set the priority of openEuler.repo to 2.

      [base]
      name=base
      baseurl=http://192.168.139.209/
      enabled=1
      priority=2
      gpgcheck=1
      gpgkey=http://192.168.139.209/RPM-GPG-KEY-openEuler
      

      The dnf command can automatically parse the dependency between packages during installation and upgrade. The common usage method is as follows:

      dnf <command> <packages name>
      

      Common commands are as follows:

      • Installation

        Run the following command as the root user.

        dnf install <packages name>
        
      • Upgrade

        Run the following command as the root user.

        dnf update <packages name>
        
      • Rollback

        Run the following command as the root user.

        dnf downgrade <packages name>
        
      • Update check

        dnf check-update
        
      • Uninstallation

        Run the following command as the root user.

        dnf remove <packages name>
        
      • Query

        dnf search <packages name>
        
      • Local installation

        Run the following command as the root user.

        dnf localinstall <absolute path to package name>
        
      • Historical records check

        dnf history
        
      • Cache records clearing

        dnf clean all
        
      • Cache update

        dnf makecache
        

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