LTS

    Innovation Version

      Xfce Installation

      Xfce is a lightweight Linux desktop. In the current version, all components have been updated from GTK2 to GTK3 and from D-Dbus Glib to GDBus. Most components support GObject Introspection (GI), which is used to generate and parse the API meta information of the C program library, so that the dynamic language (or managed language) can be bound to the program library based on C + GObject. In the current version, user experience is optimized, new features are added, and a large number of bugs are fixed. Xfce occupies fewer memory and CPU resources than other UIs (GNOME and KDE), providing smoother and more efficient user experience.

      Xfce supports the x86_64 and AArch64 architectures.

      You are advised to create an administrator during the installation.

      1. Download the openEuler ISO image and install the OS. Run the following command to update the software source. You are advised to configure the Everything source and the EPOL source. This document describes how to install Xfce in the minimum installation scenario.

        sudo dnf update
        
      2. Install the font library.

        sudo dnf install dejavu-fonts liberation-fonts gnu-*-fonts google-*-fonts
        
      3. Install Xorg.

        sudo dnf install xorg-*
        
      4. Install Xfce and related components.

        sudo dnf install xfwm4 xfdesktop xfce4-* xfce4-*-plugin network-manager-applet *fonts
        
      5. Install the login manager.

        sudo dnf install lightdm lightdm-gtk
        
      6. Run the following command as the root user to set Xfce as the default desktop environment:

        echo 'user-session=xfce' >> /etc/lightdm/lightdm.conf.d/60-lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf
        
      7. Start Xfce using the login manager.

        sudo systemctl start lightdm
        

        After the login manager is started, choose Xfce Session in the upper right corner and enter the user name and password to log in.

      8. Set the GUI to start upon system boot.

        sudo systemctl enable lightdm
        sudo systemctl set-default graphical.target
        

        If GDM is installed by default, you are advised to disable GDM.

        systemctl disable gdm
        

        Restart the machine.

        sudo reboot
        

      FAQs

      Why Is the Background Color of the LightDM Login Page Black?

      The login page is black because background is not set in the default configuration file /etc/lightdm/lightdm-gtk-greeter.conf of lightdm-gtk. Set background=/usr/share/backgrounds/xfce/xfce-blue.jpg in the greeter section at the end of the configuration file, and then run the systemctl restart lightdm command.

      Bug Catching

      Buggy Content

      Bug Description

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      Bug Type
      Specifications and Common Mistakes

      ● Misspellings or punctuation mistakes;

      ● Incorrect links, empty cells, or wrong formats;

      ● Chinese characters in English context;

      ● Minor inconsistencies between the UI and descriptions;

      ● Low writing fluency that does not affect understanding;

      ● Incorrect version numbers, including software package names and version numbers on the UI.

      Usability

      ● Incorrect or missing key steps;

      ● Missing prerequisites or precautions;

      ● Ambiguous figures, tables, or texts;

      ● Unclear logic, such as missing classifications, items, and steps.

      Correctness

      ● Technical principles, function descriptions, or specifications inconsistent with those of the software;

      ● Incorrect schematic or architecture diagrams;

      ● Incorrect commands or command parameters;

      ● Incorrect code;

      ● Commands inconsistent with the functions;

      ● Wrong screenshots.

      Risk Warnings

      ● Lack of risk warnings for operations that may damage the system or important data.

      Content Compliance

      ● Contents that may violate applicable laws and regulations or geo-cultural context-sensitive words and expressions;

      ● Copyright infringement.

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