LTS

    Innovation Version

      Information Collection

      Querying OS Information

      1. Query the OS version by running either of the following commands.

        1. cat /etc/openEuler-latest
          Output:

          openeulerversion=openEuler-22.03-LTS-SP2
          compiletime=2022-12-27-22-15-04
          gccversion=10.3.1-20
          kernelversion=5.10.0-136.12.0.86.oe2203sp2
          openjdkversion=1.8.0.352.b08-3.oe2203sp2
          
        2. cat /etc/os-release
          Output:

          NAME="openEuler"
          VERSION="22.03 (LTS-SP2)"
          ID="openEuler"
          VERSION_ID="22.03"
          PRETTY_NAME="openEuler 22.03 (LTS-SP2)"
          ANSI_COLOR="0;31"
          
        3. cat /etc/openEuler-release
          Output:

          openEuler release 22.03 (LTS-SP2)
          
      2. Query the kernel version.

        uname -a
        

        Output:

        Linux localhost 5.10.0-136.12.0.86.oe2203sp2.x86_64 #1 SMP Tue Dec 27 17:50:15 CST 2022 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
        

      Querying Hardware Information

      1. Query CPU statistics.

        lscpu
        

        en-us_image_0000001387692269

      2. View CPU parameters.

        cat /proc/cpuinfo
        

        en-us_image_0000001387293085

      3. View system memory information.

        cat /proc/meminfo
        

        en-us_image_0000001387692893

      4. View memory information.

        dmidecode -t memory
        

        en-us_image_0000001337053248

      5. View hard drive and partition distribution.

        lsblk
        

        en-us_image_0000001387413509

      6. View details about hard drives and partitions.

        fdisk -l
        

        en-us_image_0000001337533690

      7. View NIC information.

        lspci | grep -i 'eth'
        

        en-us_image_0000001387413793

      8. View all network interfaces.

        ip a or ifconfig -a
        

        en-us_image_0000001387855149

      9. View details about a network interface.

        ethtool enp7s0 (enp7s0 is used as an example.)
        

        en-us_image_0000001387415629

      10. View PCI information.

        lspci
        

        en-us_image_0000001337696078

      11. View the device tree.

        lspci -t
        

        en-us_image_0000001337536842

      12. View BIOS information.

        dmidecode -t bios
        

        en-us_image_0000001387857005

      Querying Software Information

      1. Query details about a software package.

        rpm -qi (systemd is used as an example.)
        

        en-us_image_0000001387755969

      2. View the modules provided by a software package.

        rpm -q --provides # (systemd is used as an example.)
        
        /bin/systemctl
        /sbin/shutdown
        config(systemd) = 249-43.oe2203sp2
        libsystemd-shared-249.so()(64bit)
        libsystemd-shared-249.so(SD_SHARED)(64bit)
        pkgconfig(systemd) = 249
        pkgconfig(udev) = 249
        syslog
        system-setup-keyboard = 0.9
        systemd = 249-43.oe2203sp2
        systemd(x86-64) = 249-43.oe2203sp2
        systemd-rpm-config
        systemd-sysv = 206
        systemd-units = 249-43.oe2203sp2
        
      3. View all installed software packages.

        rpm -qa # (systemd is used as an example.)
        
        systemd-help-249-43.oe2203sp2.noarch
        systemd-libs-249-43.oe2203sp2.x86_64
        systemd-249-43.oe2203sp2.x86_64
        systemd-udev-249-43.oe2203sp2.x86_64
        
      4. View the list of software packages.

        rpm -ql # (python3-rpm is used as an example.)
        

        en-us_image_0000001387780357

      Viewing OS Logs

      1. View the information and error logs after the system is started.

        cat  /var/log/messages
        

        en-us_image_0000001388020197

      2. View the security-related logs.

        cat /var/log/secure
        

        en-us_image_0000001337580216

      3. View the email-related logs.

        cat /var/log/maillog
        

        en-us_image_0000001337740252

      4. View the logs related to scheduled tasks.

        cat /var/log/cron
        

        en-us_image_0000001337420372

      5. View the logs related to UUCP and news devices.

        cat /var/log/spooler
        

        en-us_image_0000001337260780

      6. View system startup logs.

        cat /var/log/boot.log
        

        en-us_image_0000001337740540

      Bug Catching

      Buggy Content

      Bug Description

      Submit As Issue

      It's a little complicated....

      I'd like to ask someone.

      PR

      Just a small problem.

      I can fix it online!

      Bug Type
      Specifications and Common Mistakes

      ● Misspellings or punctuation mistakes;

      ● Incorrect links, empty cells, or wrong formats;

      ● Chinese characters in English context;

      ● Minor inconsistencies between the UI and descriptions;

      ● Low writing fluency that does not affect understanding;

      ● Incorrect version numbers, including software package names and version numbers on the UI.

      Usability

      ● Incorrect or missing key steps;

      ● Missing prerequisites or precautions;

      ● Ambiguous figures, tables, or texts;

      ● Unclear logic, such as missing classifications, items, and steps.

      Correctness

      ● Technical principles, function descriptions, or specifications inconsistent with those of the software;

      ● Incorrect schematic or architecture diagrams;

      ● Incorrect commands or command parameters;

      ● Incorrect code;

      ● Commands inconsistent with the functions;

      ● Wrong screenshots.

      Risk Warnings

      ● Lack of risk warnings for operations that may damage the system or important data.

      Content Compliance

      ● Contents that may violate applicable laws and regulations or geo-cultural context-sensitive words and expressions;

      ● Copyright infringement.

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      Bug Catching
      编组 3备份